Linguistic Injustice

The Fragility of Women's and Girls’ Voices in Sexist Contexts


  • Layla Raïd Université de Picardie Jules Verne



attunement, Wittgenstein, Cavell, Feminism


My paper deals with the fragility of women and girls’ voices in sexist contexts. I describe this situation as one of linguistic injustice, and I propose an approach based on Wittgenstein and Cavell’s works. I argue that the characteristic female experience of being silenced when they express their experiences in sexist contexts can be understood as a lack of attunement with the community of male locutors.

Author Biography

Layla Raïd, Université de Picardie Jules Verne

Layla Raïd is Professor of Philosophy at the University of Picardie Jules Verne in France. She has published a variety of works on the philosophy of language, philosophy of literature, feminist philosophy and care ethics. She published several books, including L’illusion de sens. Le problème du réalisme chez le second Wittgenstein and Le souterrain. Wittgenstein, Bakhtine, Dostoïevski.


Barbara, 1998. Il était un piano noir…mémoires interrompus, Fayard.

Cavell, S., 1969. Must We Mean What We Say? Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Cavell, S., 1979. The Claim of Reason. Wittgenstein, Scepticism, Morality, and Tragedy. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Dotson, K., 2012. “A Cautionary Tale : On Limiting Epistemic Oppression”. Frontiers 33 (1), 24–47.

Fricker, M., 2009. Epistemic Injustice: Power and the Ethics of Knowing. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Gitti, Ch. and I. Erlingsdóttir, eds., 2021. The Routledge Handbook of the Politics of the # MeToo Movement, London: Routledge.

Langton, R., 2009. Sexual Solipsism. Philosophical Essays on Pornography and Objectification Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Medina, J., ed., 2013. The Epistemology of Resistance: Gender and Racial Oppressions, Epistemic Injustice, and Social Imaginations. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Saul, J. and E. Diaz-Leon, 2018. “Feminist Philosophy of Language”. In: E. N. Zalta, ed., The Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.Stanford: Stanford University Press.

Scheman, N. and P. O’Connor, eds., 2002. Feminist Interpretations of Ludwig Wittgenstein, University Park: Pennsylvania State University Press.

Wittgenstein, L., 1956. Remarks on the Foundations of Mathematics, Oxford: Blackwell.



2022-12-07 — Updated on 2022-12-07