Wittgenstein's Critique of Moore in On Certainty
Keywords:Knowledge, Moore, Evidence, Justification, Internalism, Moore G.E., Wittgenstein Ludwig
This paper clarifies Wittgenstein’s critique of Moore in On Certainty, and argues that this critique is largely misunderstood, for two reasons. Firstly, Wittgenstein partly misrepresents Moore. Secondly, Wittgenstein is wrongly taken to be an (access-) internalist regarding justification for knowledge. Once we realize these two points, we can understand Wittgenstein’s critique properly as a grammatical argument in that Moore fails to see how the concepts of knowledge and certainty relate to those of justification and evidence. On this reading, we can also understand that Moore and Wittgenstein were in more agreement than many people have thought, even though Moore was not able to exploit and express his philosophical insights (which he shares with Wittgenstein) properly.
Coliva A. (2010) Moore and Wittgenstein. Scepticism, Certainty and Common Sense. Palgrave Macmillan.
Conant J. (1998) “Wittgenstein on Meaning and Use”, Philosophical Investigations 21:3, 222-250.
------, (2011) “Three Ways of Inheriting Austin”, John L. Austin et la Philosophie du langage ordinaire eds. Laugier and Al-Saleh, 395-415. OLMS, Hildesheim.
Hamilton A. (2014) Wittgenstein and On Certainty. Routledge, New York.
McGinn M. (1989) Sense and Certainty. A Dissolution of Scepticism. Basil Blackwell, Oxford.
Moore G. E. (1963) “A Defence of Common Sense”, Philosophical Papers. Unwind.
------, (1963) “Proof of an External World”, Philosophical Papers. Unwind.
Moyal-Sharrock D. (2007) Understanding Wittgenstein’s On Certainty. Palgrave Macmillan.
Pritchard D. (2011) “Wittgenstein on Scepticism”, The Oxford Handbook of Wittgenstein eds. Kuusela and McGinn. Oxford University Press.
------, (2012) “Wittgenstein and the Groundlessness of our Believing”, Synthese Vol. 189 No. 2, 255-272.
Travis C. (1989) The Uses of Sense. Wittgenstein’s Philosophy of Language. Clarendon Press, Oxford.
White A. R. (1986) “Common Sense: Moore and Wittgenstein”, Revue Internationale de Philosophie, Vol. 40. No. 158 (3), 313-330.
Copyright (c) 2018 Erlend Owesen
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
NWR uses the Creative Commons license CC-BY.
Vol. 1-3 used CC-BY-NC-SA. The collected works copyright ownership for Vol. 1-2 were shared by Nordic Wittgenstein Society and ontos Verlag/De Gruyter.