Voice as Form of Life and Life Form

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Sandra Laugier

Abstract

This paper studies the concept of form of life as central to ordinary language philosophy (as understood in Wittgenstein’s, Austin’s and Stanley Cavell’s work): philosophy of our language as spoken; pronounced by a human voice within a form of life. Such an approach to Wittgenstein’s later philosophy shifts the question of the common use of language – central to Wittgenstein’s Investigations – to the definition of the subject as voice, and to the reinvention of subjectivity in language. The voice is both a subjective and common expression: it is what makes it possible for my individual voice, or claim, to become shared and for our forms of life to be intertwined with a lifeform.

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Special Issue
Author Biography

Sandra Laugier, Université Paris 1 Panthéon Sorbonne, Institut universitaire de France, Institut des sciences juridique et philosophique de la Sorbonne (UMR8103, CNRS-Paris 1)

Sandra Laugier is Professor of Philosophy at Université Paris 1 Panthéon-Sorbonne, and Senior member of the Institut Universitaire de France. She is the translator of Stanley Cavell’s work in French and specializes in Ordinary Language Philosophy (Wittgenstein, Austin, Cavell), American Philosophy, Gender studies, and Ethics of care. She is the author of many publications in French, English, Italian, German, of which Wittgenstein, les sens de l’usage (2009); Wittgenstein, Le mythe de l’inexpressivité (2010); Why We Need Ordinary Language Philosophy (2013). Recommencer la philosophie, Cavell et la philosophie américaine (2014). Her edited volumes include: La voix et la vertu, variétés du perfectionnisme moral (2010); J. L. Austin et la philosophie du langage ordinaire (ed. with C. Alsaleh) (2011); Tous vulnérables, le care, les animaux et l’environnement (2012).

References

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