Main Article Content
According to Rorty, Davidson and Brandom, to have an experience is to be caused by our senses to hold a perceptual belief. This article argues that the phenomenon of seeing-as cannot be explained by such a conception of perceptual experience. First, the notion of experience defended by the aforementioned authors is reconstructed. Second, the main features of what Wittgenstein called “seeing aspects” are briefly presented. Finally, several arguments are developed in order to support the main thesis of the article: seeing-as cannot be explained by the conception of experience defended by Rorty, Davidson and Brandom.
NWR uses the Creative Commons license CC-BY.
Vol. 1-3 used CC-BY-NC-SA. The collected works copyright ownership for Vol. 1-2 were shared by Nordic Wittgenstein Society and ontos Verlag/De Gruyter.
Brandom, R., 1994. Making it Explicit. Reasoning, Representing and Discursive Commitment. Cambridge: Harvard University Press.
Brandom, R., 1998. “Perception and Rational Constraint”. Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 58, pp. 241-259.
Brandom, R., 2002. “Non-inferential knowledge, perceptual experience, and secondary qualities: placing McDowell’s empiricism”, in N. Smith, ed. 2002. Reading McDowell. On Mind and World. London: Routledge, pp. 92-105.
Byrne, A., and Logue, H., eds. 2009. Disjunctivism. Contemporary Readings. Cambridge, Massachusetts: The MIT Press.
Church, J., 2000. “Seeing As and the Double Bind of Consciousness”. Journal of Consciousness Studies 7 (8/9), pp. 99-111.
Davidson, D., 1980. “Actions, Reasons and Causes”, in Davidson, D., 1980. Essays on Actions and Events. Oxford: Clarendon Press, pp. 3-19.
Davidson, D., 1984. “On the Very Idea of a Conceptual Scheme”, in D. Davidson, 1984. Inquiries into Truth and Interpretation. Oxford: Clarendon Press, pp. 183-198.
Davidson, Donald 1999. “Reply to John McDowell”, in Lewis Hahn (ed.), The Philosophy of Donald Davidson. Chicago and La Salle, Open Court, pp. 105-108.
Davidson, D., 2001a. “A Coherence Theory of Truth and Knowledge”, in Davidson, D., 2001. Subjective, Intersubjective, Objective. Oxford: Clarendon Press, pp. 137-158.
Davidson, D., 2001b. “The Myth of the Subjective”, in Davidson, D., 2001. Subjective, Intersubjective, Objective. Oxford: Clarendon Press, pp. 39-52.
Davidson, D., 2001c. “Comments on Karlovy Vary Papers”, in Petr Kotatko, Gabriel Segal y and Peter Pagin (eds), Interpreting Davidson. Stanford, California: CSLI Publications, pp. 285-308.
Davidson, D., 2005. “Seeing Through Language”, in Davidson, D., 2005. Truth, Language, and History. Oxford, Clarendon Press, pp. 127-141.
Fish, W., 2010. Philosophy of Perception. New York: Routledge.
Hurley, S., 1998. Consciousness in Action. Cambridge: Harvard University Press.
Jastrow, J. 1900. Facts and Fable in Psychology. Boston: Houghton, Mifflin.
Jensen M. S, Mathewson K. E. 2011. “Simultaneous Perception of Both Interpretations of Ambiguous Figures”, Perception 40(8), pp. 1009-11.
Kalpokas, D. 2012. “Two Dogmas of Coherentism”, Grazer Philosophische Studien 85, pp. 213-236.
Kalpokas, D. 2014. “The Experience Not Well Lost”, Contemporary Pragmatism, 11 (1), pp. 43-56.
McGinn, M., 1997. Wittgenstein and the Philosophical Investigations. London: Routledge.
McDowell, J., 1994. Mind and World. Cambridge: Harvard University Press.
McDowell, J., 1998. “One Strand in the Private Language Argument”, in
McDowell, J., 1998. Mind, Value & Reality. Cambridge: Harvard University Press, pp. 279-298.
Peacocke, C., 1992b. A Study of Concepts. Cambridge: The MIT Press.
Mulhall, S., 1990. On Being in the World: Wittgenstein and Heidegger on Seeing Aspects. London: Routledge.
Rorty, R., 1979. Philosophy and the Mirror of Nature. Princeton: Princeton University Press.
Rorty, R., 1991. “Pragmatism, Davidson and Truth”, in Rorty, R., 1991. Objectivity, Relativism and Truth. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, pp. 126-150.
Rorty, R., 1998. Truth and Progress. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Searle, J., 1983. Intentionality: An Essay in the Philosophy of Mind. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Schroeder, S., 2010. “A Tale of Two Problems: Wittgenstein’s Discussion of Aspect Perception”, in J. Cottingham & P.M.S. Hacker (eds), 2010. Mind, Method, and Morality: Essays in Honour of Anthony Kenny, Oxford: OUP.
Sedivy, S., 2004. “Wittgenstein’s Diagnosis of Empiricism’s Third Dogma: Why Perception is not an Amalgam of Sensation and Conceptualization”. Philosophical Investigations, 27 (1), pp. 1-33.
Sellars, W., 1997. Empiricism and the Philosophy of Mind. Cambridge: Harvard University Press.
Strawson, P., 1974. “Imagination and Perception”, in Strawson, P., 1974. Freedom and Resentment, London: Methuen, pp. 50-72.
Wittgenstein, L., 2009. Philosophical Investigations, translated by G.E.M. Anscombe, P.M.S. Hacker Joachim Schulte, Revised fourth edition by P.M.S. Hacker and Joachim Schulte, Singapore: Wiley-Blackwell. (PI)